Types stairway and 3 of their dignity
Beautiful stairway may well become the main focus in the interior pomescheniyaMaterialy for staircase production are very diverse. Along with the traditional wooden ladders, manufacturers offer a wide range of patterns and materials. In a private home is often used FLOATING. This type is considered a classic. Along with the tree, you can find a variety of devices of iron stairs, and even glass.
Stairway: the classic look
The design consists of rungs and steps, leaning on them (march-design, which consists of a stairway). The distinctive features of such ladders is a direct step conciseness, no large amounts of prefabricated components, monolithic, increased durability and reliability.
For a large country house is better to choose FLOATING in a classic style
The design of such ladders is very simple, it is possible to build with their own hands. But there are drawbacks - you need a large space for installation design. Therefore, in a small house pick up a different type of ladder.
The most durable material for the manufacture of ladders - this is concrete. Stairs made of concrete it is possible to build your own. Recommended at the design stage house plan design scheme. Installation is carried out during the construction of the house. It is believed that the concrete staircase will look gray and dull, and is only suitable for the entrances of apartment buildings. But this is not the case, due to the different methods of cladding and a wide range of material for it.
The advantage of concrete stairs in that it is characterized by toughness and durability
The main advantages:
- Good fire resistance;
- Humidity resistance;
- Wear resistance.
concrete staircase will serve you for years to come. In this case, you eventually will not bother or inconvenience creaks on the stairs. A method of lining a concrete structure is suitable for almost anyone.
Marching concrete staircase can be as odnomarshevaya and mnogomarshevaya. Installation of a ladder will not take long. Most importantly, when there are many advantages, the price of the finished ladder does not hit too expensive. But these stairs are very massive and weigh much, so may not be suitable for every room, but perfectly suited, for example, to enter the house, but we're used to seeing them in the organization of the stairwells in the 9 storey building.
The angle of inclination of the ladder march
Compliance with all rules and regulations when installing stair ascent and descent makes comfortable and safe. Pay attention when installing standing on stairway lighting space, as covered stairs. Determining the required width of the march, a very demanding piece of work. Stairs should be comfortable for each family member.
It is also necessary to calculate the slope, which will be calculated, and the number of flights, and, accordingly, the necessary material.
The ladder can make safe when properly calculating the angle of inclination
Horizontal ladder and stairway should correspond to the most comfortable ° from value.
- When tilted to 23 degrees it is recommended to install a ramp.
- If you need not very steep stairs, then run degree can vary from 24-37.
- Less will staircase with flat angle marched from 38 to 45 degrees, ladders - 45 degrees.
- A 90 degree angle to have a ladder, which are usually put to the wall, for example, the loft ladder angle.
When installing you should pay attention to the fact that you have chosen the angle at every march should be the same. You put the ladder, the more space it occupies. The number of steps is considered to be very simple. It is necessary to take the value of the desired length of the ladder and divided by the height of the riser. Figure should happen without a trace.
As a rule, the number of stages and dimensions calculated in advance in the finished stairways. It does not matter whether you do yourself, or order, but only an individual approach to designing and installation will, as a result, it is the ladder that fits perfectly to the overall atmosphere of the house.
In order to make the ladder beautiful and safe, it is best to contact the experts
- Number of steps to use optimally from 3 to 16.
- If the ladder odnomarshevaya, the length of the calculated maximum of 18 degrees.
- When so many stairs mnogomarshevoy optimally for each march.
Of course, if the ladder is made with their own hands, then by similar rules can be waived. To the fore, tend to overlook the convenience and economy of space.
Reinforced concrete finished marches are considered the cheapest. They are ideal for any decoration.
All necessary mounting materials, such as a tank for mixing, you must buy immediately and in a single source. So the design will perfectly match. If the dimensions specified in ISO is not suitable, it is possible to replace them, but only slightly. A small change in the safety of the structure will not be affected. In this step possible to protect at home on their own, just add rubber pads.
Features odnomarshevoy ladder
The simplest explanation, what is the stairway is a simple arrangement of steps without additional sites.
There are the following types:
- Straight. The most voluminous version of stairs. At the same time easiest installation.
- rotary. It saves space due to the presence in their structures a small amount of winders.
Sometimes it is possible to build a structure with a turning angle of 90 degrees. It has a design suitable sites. Popular L-shaped design.
By type of material is divided into:
- reinforced concrete;
Before you think about planning a ladder all the nuances.
Practical and easy to install is a straight stairway of wood
- It is easy to make with your own hands.
- Move around the simple design is very convenient.
- Or bring down heavy things easier to direct space stairway.
- Increased safety is often very important if you have children in the family or the elderly.
There is an opportunity to diversify the decor in a single march.
- It does not fit into a small space.
- Dimensions greatly increased.
- The space under the stairs are rarely used. In this case, it is possible to equip it and after the work done over the stairs, for example, to build internal drawers.
- Perhaps more value through the material chosen as the use of it must be massively.
Locate a massive stairs very difficult. The easiest, and the standard set will look less massive.
Odnomarshevaya staircase to the second floor
The most common type of stairs to the second floor in private homes is considered odnomarshevaya staircase. A draft of such a ladder is very simple, but when you change one detail, certainly have to change almost the entire structure. Will correspond to the width adjustment based on the selected angle. That is, the distance from the floor to the ladder peak will dictate the angle of inclination.
The high altitude and the small width of the characteristic of steep steps and vice versa.
Particular attention should be paid and the width of the steps, because they have to be comfortable for movement
Naturally, like other type odnomarshevye ladders are composed of the base and the stage. They further supplement handrail and various decorations.
There are several types of odnomarshevyh stairs, depending on the base:
- On kosour. These stairs are usually made from wood. The main principle is that on the stringers (side beams) are fixed level. The disadvantage of this installation that occurs over time, creaking, and a very large amount of stairs.
- Bolted. There is no creaking, thanks to the rubber gaskets. fixing system is not noticeable to the eye. The product is obtained less massive than kosour. Possible repairs and complement each step separately without affecting the main structure.
ladder march Dimensions
Doing the calculation ladders sizes, can be guided by the norms of GOST 9818-85 GOST and SanPiN, move away from them as possible, and use the existing dimensions of the work easier.
As a rule, the size of the ladder depends on the room size
- Recommended march width of about 1 m - is the optimal width when lifting a single person, and dimensional things.
- The height of the steps depends on the slope parameters. For example, at an angle of 27 degrees, the height is 125 mm.
- The width of the steps, stepping convenient for an ordinary person, is 260-330 mm.
Such parameters simultaneously, and easy to put foot, and do not increase the pace.
How to make a stairway with his own hands
More traditional and easy to install wooden stairway. Before starting the installation, zagotovte all necessary materials. On which mounting method you choose depends on the workpiece materials needed.
Stairway can make itself if competently approach to the process as the manufacturing and mounting structure
Getting manufacturing ladders sawing timber pieces with a width of about 400 mm - this tine under stage (about 4 turns pieces). Fasten stage to kosour or comfortable "mare". The stringers need to make an additional cut-out for this type of attachment. When all steps in place, you can begin to work on the railings.
All items must be fastened together by stainless steel bolts. Such attachment is more durable.
Further it is possible to proceed to the finish coating or tinting wood. Finishing is selected on your taste.
FLOATING own hands (video)
Stairway is the simplest and most common form of construction in multi-storey buildings. They can be made of concrete, metal or wood and have a different slope.
Design stairway to the second floor (the photo in the interior)